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British inventions that changed the history of the world

These are some of the most commonly used inventions that were created by the British. You’re going to be completely surprised!!

 

Telephone

Screen Shot 2017-06-16 at 16.34.10This was one of the most important inventions for all of humanity, making it possible to establish simultaneous communication in real time, making a great difference with the telegraph. It was not able to do so despite serving for The Alexander Graham Bell telephone was patented in 1876 and it marked a turning point in the development of communications.

 

Football

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As everyone knows football is the most practiced sport in the world. There are many legends about its origin, there is even the theory that football was invented by the Guarani, according to the first dictionary of the Guarani language in 1639, which contains the oldest record on this sport.

So no one doubts that modern football was born on British lands, there are not so many certainties as to which civilisation was the first to play football. Its creation is attributed to England, country that regulated the game in 1863 through the Football Association (FA), the first association of the sport.

 

Chocolate Bar

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A chocolate bar is a chocolate confection in a rectangular form, which distinguishes it from bulk chocolate produced for commercial use or individually portioned chocolates such as pastilles, bon-bons, and truffles.

Joseph Fry was a chocolate maker, but it was not until 1847 when his grandchildren invented a new breakthrough at the confectionery. It was in their factory in Bristol where they created the first chocolate bar. It was named Fry Chocolate Dream Bar. JS Fry & Sons also made the first Easter chocolate egg and later merged with the chocolate giants Cadbury in 1919.

 

Vacuum flask

17OzVacuumFlaskBottle878058581452105828A vacuum flask, also known as a Dewar flask, Dewar bottle or thermos; is an insulating storage vessel that greatly lengthens the time over which its contents remain hot. Invented by Sir James Dewar in 1892, the vacuum flask consists of two flasks, placed one within the other and joined at the neck. Probably could be the result one cold English winter.

 

Greeting card

greeting-cardsHenry Cole was bored writing letters to his friends, one day he came up with the idea of hiring an artist to create a nice image and printed copies. This way it was much easier since people just had to colour the image. This happened in 1948 when he invented the Christmas postcard and greeting card, that later it would be taken as a business opportunity.

 

Internet (World Wide Web)

dia-mundial-da-internet-segura_gSir Timothy John Berners-Lee (born 8 June 1955), also known as TimBL, is an English computer scientist, best known as the inventor of the World Wide Web. He made a proposal for an information management system in March 1989, and he implemented the first successful communication between a Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) client and server via the Internet in mid-November the same year.

 

Sewing machine

$_32Sewing machines were invented to decrease the amount of manual sewing work performed in clothing companies during the first Industrial Revolution. Since the invention of the first working sewing machine invented by Englishman Thomas Saint in 1790, the sewing machine has greatly improved the efficiency and productivity of the clothing industry.

 

Sunglasses

Silver-Kartz-Metal-Aviator-Sunglasses-SDL443130862-1-5b163James Ayscough was an English optician and designer and maker of scientific instruments. He became known for his microscopes. His shop was in London between 1740 and 1759. Around the year 1752, James Ayscough introduced spectacles with double-hinged side pieces.[1] Although he made clear lenses, he recommended lenses tinted blue or green to treat some vision problems. These spectacles with tinted lenses are believed to be the precursors to sunglasses.

Snap General Elections?

The United Kingdom situation is a bit complicated since the Brexit affair beginning. United Kingdom general elections should have taken place on 2020 but Prime Minister Theresa May called for snap General Elections so they take place this Thursday 8th June 2017 (AKA today!!!).

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Three years ahead… why ?

Theresa May said that the United Kingdom needs this now because now is the opportunity to make a difference, while EU accept to negotiate, and before entering at the heart of negotiations. She has the will to reinforce the conservative polls majority toward the Brexit negotiation. She wants a steady leadership to get the best agreements for  the United Kingdom.

Furthermore, the conservative party has one little problem: some MPs may be prosecuted for they spent a lot during their electoral campaign for the “battle buses” and hotels in 2015 and they entered these expenses into the party’s national expenses return. But they are suspected of abuse knowingly filing false election expenses and violation of the strict local spending limits. So if they fail it may turn to Labour’s advantage.

But then… who would be the favourite?

Initially, according to the opinion polls the conservative party have an advantage of 24 points. The Conservative leader “start out the winning party”, but maybe too much… Finally this advantage decreased to become 6 and the situation of the Labour party is starting to get better than before. Jeremy Corbyn has gained the young population’s and the left-winged votes.

By the way, during the remote duel organized Monday, May 29, live on Sky News and Channel Four.

Mr. Corbyn appeared in great shape while the Prime Minister had to face questions and comments from intransigent interviewers. The journalist Jeremy Paxman described her as a “boaster who skedaddles at the first shot”. As for Rod Liddle, who was a columnist for the conservative weekly The Spectator, he went further, daring to say that “Theresa May has the warmth, humour, oratorical agility and charm of a freezer Indesit badly connected (…) filled with crunchy pancakes from Findus in decay “. [read more on lemonde.fr]

Ouch… that doesn’t look too good for Mrs May!

Did Theresa May have a good idea? Will she regret it? For the moment everything is going wrong compared to what she had planned. Jeremy Corbyn’s popularity is growing whereas she has to face reproaches, criticisms, accusations.

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With which campaign promises?

The Labour leader proclaims “the program of hope” which speaks of the end of austerity, the nationalisation of railways, investment in schools and hospitals and the banning of Zero-hour contracts which increases his current popularity with young people. Not the same holds for the Conservative leader who has had to put a bit aside her promise to tax inheritance to fund the dependency of the elderly due to unpopularity.

What about the Brexit?

The positions of these two leaders are not entirely clear.

Before the June 23, 2016 referendum Theresa May campaigned against Brexit saying it was bad for the UK so now the journalists are bound to search for her current position and she sometimes passes through rather difficult times, I find  it at once a bit worrying but fairly funny. For example, during an interview the ruthless Jeremy Paxman was seeking an answer about her opinion asking her if she had changed her mind. What is amusing is that she dodges the question 6 times (yeah, I counted) and it become worrying because she is supposed to bring the Brexit into force… how could it be possible of her not to agree with it?

As for Jeremy Corbyn, he was not in favour of Brexit. But he told he will accept what the people of Great Britain have chosen. Actually he doesn’t talk too much about this because it is a delicate subject. Nevertheless, he also, dodges the question 5 times (in competition with M. Theresa maybe) from BBC about the Brexit upholding if he become prime minister… It still strange although he called for an EU exit that preserves jobs and industry and improves the country’s economy.

So the battle is clear? Will Conservatives keep control or will Labour finally regain their power? It will probably be another tight race and who knows we might be in for another surprise!

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